Eating breakfast before 8 a.m. may well prevent you from developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study published in the International Journal of Epidemiology. Eating after 9am would increase your risk by 56%!
THE Type 2 diabetes concerns 3.7 million patients in France. Because it can lead to very serious complications, it is essential to know how to detect it in time. This chronic disease is manifested by insulin resistance, which prevents the body from using glucose as an energy source. The latter accumulates in the blood and leads to chronic hyperglycemia.
Often linked to foodtype 2 diabetes is favored by excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates, i.e. the sugars contained in refined flour (white bread, pasta, etc.), sugary drinks (fruit juice, sodas, etc.) and starchy foods (potatoes, rice, corn, etc.).
In addition to monitoring the contents of your plate, adjust your meal times can also help prevent risks. This is the finding of a new study published by the International Journal of Epidemiology.
After following 100,000 inhabitants of a French cohort, the researchers found that eating breakfast before 8 a.m. could reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Mealtime plays a key role in regulating circadian rhythms
” We know that mealtime plays a key role in regulating circadian rhythms and controlling glucose and lipids, but few studies have investigated the relationship between mealtime or fasting and type 1 diabetes. 2 “says Anna Palomar-Cros, researcher at ISGlobal and first author of the study.
Participants were asked to complete online food logs showing what they ate and drank over a nonconsecutive 24-hour period over 3 days, as well as the times of their meals.
The team of researchers assessed participants’ health over subsequent years (an average of seven years).
Diabetes: the last meal should be taken around 7 p.m.
The study identifies 963 new cases of type 2 diabetes during follow-up. The risk of developing the disease would be significantly higher pupil (56%) in the group of people who ate breakfast regularly after 9 a.m.compared to those who had breakfast before 8 a.m.
” Biologically, that makes sense because skipping breakfast is known to affect glucose and lipid control, as well as insulin levels, Palomar-Cros says. This is consistent with two meta-analyses which conclude that skipping breakfast increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. “, adds Palomar-Cros.
The research team also found thata late dinner (after 10 p.m.) seemed to increase the risk, while eating more frequently (about five times a day) was associated with lower incidence of disease. On the other hand, the young prolonged would only be beneficial if done with an early breakfast (before 8am) and an early dinner.
” Our results suggest that a first meal before 8 a.m. and a last meal before 7 p.m. may help reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes concludes Manolis Kogevinas, ISGlobal researcher and co-author of the study.
Numerous studies had, in fact, already proven that the time of meals had as much, if not more, importance than the contents of the plate itself, whether in preventing diabetes or weight gain.