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Endocrine diseases represent a large group of diseases, the most common of which are diabetes and thyroid disorders. Rapid care is essential to prevent the consequences of these diseases on the organs.

THE hormone are essential in the development and growth of the human body, in the development of the nervous system, in metabolic processes (to avoid the onset of diabetes or obesity), sexual and reproductive functions, management of emotions and mood.

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Thus, health depends on proper functioning of the endocrine system. ” Endocrine diseases are diseases that affect the glands that produce hormones, such as the pancreas, thyroid, adrenals, pituitary, testicles or ovaries » indicates the Dr Camille Vatier, endocrinologist at Saint-Antoine Hospital in Paris and General Secretary of the French Society of Endocrinology (SFE).

This tells us that these endocrine diseases are very common and are in increase. Endocrine diseases are characterized by abnormal levels (too high or too low) hormone. They include obesity, diabetes, thyroid disease, cancers, growth disorders, hypertension, osteoporosis, infertility and sexual function disorders, and many rare diseases.

It’s important to spot quickly an endocrine disease because, if left untreated, it will have an increasingly significant impact on the organs and sometimes irreversible consequences warns Dr. Camille Vatier. THE symptoms endocrine diseases are very many and not very specific. Zoom in pictures on the signs that should attract your attention.

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Unexplained weight gain/loss
“Almost all hormones will affect weight,” informs Dr. Camille Vatier. Also, all endocrine diseases can be signaled by weight loss or weight gain. “If you haven’t changed your lifestyle and your weight is going up or down for no reason, you should have someone consult you,” recommends Dr. Vatier.

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Change in appetite
Being hungrier or, on the contrary, less appetite is linked to weight gain or loss. “Hormones control metabolism. If this is accelerated, the appetite is increased. If it is slowed down, the person is less hungry or gains weight without changing their diet,” informs Dr. Camille Vatier.

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Brittle hair and nails, hair loss
Brittle hair and nails are basically a sign of thyroid disease. Hypothyroidism can lead to hair loss, brittle nails. “Dysfunction of sex hormones such as hyperandrogenism can also lead to hair loss,” says Dr. Camille Vatier.

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Fatigue that persists without a lifestyle explaining it is not a specific sign of a hormonal problem, but it can signal an endocrine disease. “When the metabolism is slowed down because there is a hormonal deficit, the person is tired even without doing anything. An excess of thyroid hormones irritates and can prevent sleep, which also leads to fatigue,” explains Dr. Vatier.

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Onset of depression
“Hormones play a role in the secretion of neurotransmitters that affect morale,” informs Dr. Camille Vatier. Dopamine is the hormone of pleasure and motivation. Also, any endocrine disease can manifest as a drop in morale. The accumulation of symptoms is even more in favor of an endocrine disorder: fatigue, weight loss or gain, depression…

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excessive thirst
Excessive thirst associated with excessive urination is a sign of diabetes but it can also signal other endocrine diseases. “This may be a sign of calcium dysregulation due to a problem with the parathyroid gland or more rarely an effect of a pituitary gland disorder,” adds Dr. Camille Vatier.

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Signs of precocious puberty (before 8 years old in girls and 9 years old in boys) or late (beyond 13 years old in girls and 14 years old in…
Precocious puberty is on the rise, probably due to exposure to endocrine disruptors. It results in an early appearance of the chest, hair growth and menstruation in girls, hair growth, shedding and modification of the external genitalia in boys. “You have to consult because sometimes you can slow down this puberty and the growth problem that goes with it” informs Dr. Camille Vatier.

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Loss of libido, infertility
In adults, low libido, irregular menstrual cycles, or infertility can also be signs of endocrine disease, including polycystic ovary syndrome or testosterone secretion disorder in men. Deficiencies in sex hormones expose to an increased cardiovascular risk and a risk of osteoporosis in addition to the impact on the quality of sexual life and on fertility.

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